discussion 3 124

INGOs play important roles in providing quality education and health care as well as improving equality in education and health care across countries. This module focuses on how INGOs interact with government and business in advancing their missions in the fields of education and health care. By the end of this module, you will be able to:

Understand the roles of INGOs in health care and how INGOs interact with government and business in health care. Readings and Resources For this learning module, please study the following materials. You will need to understand the concepts presented here to complete the assignments.


USAID. (2003). Partnerships in education: Key findings on the role of NGOs in basic education in Africa.

Ulleberg, Inger. (2009). The Role and Impact of NGOs in Capacity Development: From Replacing the State to Reinvigorating Education. UNESCO.

Pfeiffer, J. (2003). International NGOs and primary health care in Mozambique: The need for a new model of collaboration. Social Science & Medicine, 56: 725-738.

Oxfam. (2009). Blind optimism: Challenging the myths about private health care in poor countries.

Lecture Notes:





UNDP. The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2019.

Goals 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6

McCoy, D. et al. (2009). The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation’s grant-making programme for global health. Lancet, 373, 1645-53.

Thread 2: INGOs and Health

In the past few decades, INGOs have become key partners of international organizations (i.e. WHO and UNICEF) and nation states in providing health services, particularly to victims of disasters and the vulnerable or hard-to-reach population. Pfeiffer (2003) discussed the potential impact of INGOs’ help on local health system in Mozambique. Do you agree or disagree with Pfeiffer’s view regarding INGO’s influence and the new aid system? Why? What are challenges/opportunities that INGOs face today in addressing global health issues?

The Oxfam’s report discussed private-led health service provision system (Note: the report used the term civil-society organizations (CSOs) to separate NGOs from the for-profit private sector). What’s your take on the role of NGOs in global health? Do you agree that private-led health service provision (including NGO provision of health service) could undermine public health-care systems and their capacity to deliver to those most in need? Why?

The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation is the largest foundation in the United States. The foundation has two main programs, health and education. The health program focuses on global health issues, while the education program focuses primarily on domestic education issues. Some have praised the foundation as a major contributor to global health, while others are concerned about its huge influence on setting priorities of global health issues. Do you think we should be concerned about donors’ influence in global health? What do you see as the pros and cons of having a donor-driven health service delivery system in developing countries?

This discussion requires two posts, an initial post and two response post. Later in the day will need to respond to two other posting. 100 words each so a total of 200 in responses to two other students. Total of 850- 950 words in discussion post, reference not included in the word counting. I will upload the required pdfs

As a general guideline, initial posts should be well-developed, use proper spelling, grammar, and punctuation.

Response posts should be substantive and move the discussion forward. This is your opportunity to discuss the information further with your classmates or to discuss whether you agree or disagree and state why or why not. Keep your comments professional.

You are encouraged to incorporate your personal and professional experiences in discussion board responses.

"Is this question part of your assignment? We can help"