Probation and Parole Study Guide Regina is responsible for selecting a new assessment tool for her community corrections agency.

Probation and Parole Study Guide

Regina is responsible for selecting a new assessment tool for her community corrections agency. The primary use the agency will have for the assessment tool will be risk and classification into supervision levels during community supervision. Which of the following generations of assessment tools best addresses the goals for the community corrections agency?

1st Generation

3rd Generation

Clinical Judgment

5th Generation

Vicky is a reentry officer that works in a minimum-security prison. As part of her job, Vicky administers a questionnaire that predicts the reoffending behaviors amongst inmates transitioning back into the community. The questionnaire that Vicky uses has been developed using existing data on reoffending amongst actual released offenders. What type of assessment is Vicky using with the questionnaire?

Actuarial assessment

Clinical assessment

Financial assessment

Rehabilitative assessment

Trisha is using a form that allows her to gauge how likely a parolee is to experience a drug relapse. What kind of tool is Trisha using?

Exit interviews

Supervision exams

Cost accounting

Risk and needs assessment

Why are data-driven techniques generally preferred over professional experience in assessment tools?

There is no preference between data-driven and experience-driven assessments

They minimize personal bias

Data-driven techniques rely on the assessor’s expertise and experience

It is easier to gather data than use one’s experiences

Paula uses an assessment form to, among other things, determine what kinds of programming her parolee will require while under community supervision. During the assessment meeting with a parolee, Paula finds out that the parolee does not have a high school diploma or GED. This has been shown to create problems for parolees in the community in previous research. What is the lack of education referred to in assessment?

Classification instrument

Service obligation

Criminogenic needs

Reaction formation

What is the process of executing departmental policy and/or procedure (such as carrying out and using assessment tools)?





Talia is a probation officer that assigns supervision classification levels to new probationers. She uses a preset form to gather general information about the probationer. Then, based on her professional experience and “gut” impressions, Talia assigns a supervision level to each probationer. What type of assessment is Talia using here?

Actuarial assessment

Financial assessment

Clinical assessment

Rehabilitative assessment

Based on the Bonta (2002) article, which of the following is not one of “the Big Four” factors for predicting future criminal behavior described by Andrews and Bonta (1998)?

Antisocial attitudes


Social support for crime

Criminal history

Reggie is a licensed social worker who conducts interviews with new probationers to diagnose potential substance abuse disorders. Using these interviews, Reggie uses his training and professional experience to assess the likelihood of substance abuse in the probationers he meets with. What type of assessment is Reggie using with his interviews?

Actuarial assessment

Financial assessment

Clinical assessment

Rehabilitative assessment

What do we call the process of carrying out and using assessment tools as they are intended?



Program integrity

Assessment development

When is clinical/judgment useful in assessment, according to the lecture/readings?

As a standalone assessment

As a supplement to actuarial assessment

When society is experiencing high levels of economic insecurity

When we want to understand criminogenic needs

Which of the following is a kind of program that can help community corrections agencies efficiently use resources in training personnel on assessment tools?

Train the trainer program

Justice reinvestment programs

Organizational participatory programming

Recertification training

Tyler uses a data-driven assessment tool that has many questions to be answered that give Tyler information about the offender’s risk levels, criminogenic needs, and guidance for case management strategies. Based on the available information, what generation of risk assessment tool is Tyler using here?

Clinical Assessment

1st Generation

7th Generation

4th Generation

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