For each person in the scenario below, identify the attributions for success or failure as “internal-external” or “stable-unstable.” Second, for each person in the scenario, identify what kind of bias—actor-observer bias, defensive attribution bias, or self-serving bias—the character is filtering his comments through. Support your answers.
- Jules worked hard to attain his Bachelor of Commerce degree and he wanted desperately to get a recently advertised position as a senior accountant with a prestigious firm. However, he was turned down in favour of another candidate who displayed more initiative, assertiveness, and savvy about the business community, and who expressed an open and expansive viewpoint that duly impressed the general manager.
Jules explained his failure to his friend Harry, a fellow commerce graduate, in this way: “The competition was really tough; they had candidates from the top business schools in Canada.” Jules was taken aback with Harry’s seemingly unfriendly remark: “You should’ve been more circumspect and not tried for a top-flight position right away.” He insulted Jules further by saying: “These other guys probably showed more competence and practical knowledge than you are capable of at present.”