G-7 (or G-8) countries include all of the following nations except a. Japan. Italy. Canada. China.

26. G-7 (or G-8) countries include all of the following nations except

a. Japan.

b. Italy.

c. Canada.

d. China.

27. ____________________ was offered “most favored nation” status in exchange for agreeing to make certain human rights concessions.

a. China

b. Russia

c. Iran

d. Afghanistan

28. The United States often tries to get other countries to comply with its policies, such as the U.S. trade embargo against

a. Nicaragua.

b. Mexico.

c. China.

d. Cuba.

29. The main characteristic of the Soviet Union’s political and economic system was

a. governmental control of all economic decisions.

b. assurance of civil liberties for citizens.

c. lack of most government controls on the economy.

d. lack of an efficient military.

30. After World War II, ____________________ occupied the northern half of Korea and ____________________ occupied the southern half.

a. the U.S.; the Soviet Union

b. China; France

c. the Soviet Union; the U.S.

d. Japan; China

31. A country with low per capita gross domestic product (GDP) probably also has

a. a high infant-mortality rate.

b. a strong economy.

c. stable government.

d. nutritional programs.

32. The U.S. president takes all the following actions in foreign policy except

a. enforcing treaties.

b. declaring war.

c. acting as a peace-broker.

d. negotiating tariffs.

33. Congress may restrain presidential power in foreign policy in all of the following ways except by

a. refusing to allocate funds.

b. refusing to ratify treaties.

c. negotiating its own treaties with foreign nations.

d. refusing to declare war.

34. Which of the following is NOT a mission of the United Nations?

a. To maintain its own army

b. To advocate peace

c. To promote collective security

d. To encourage humanitarian and social causes

35. A bilateral treaty is

a. a treaty between several countries.

b. a treaty between two countries.

c. an informal agreement between two parties.

d. an action by one county acting alone.

36. Manifest destinywas the 19th-century belief that the U.S. used to justify

a. attempting to avoid foreign involvement.

b. becoming involved in European disputes.

c. expanding its territory and influence.

d. building a large navy.

37. In the early part of the 20th century, the United States pursued a policy of

a. isolationism toward Europe, but involvement in Latin America.

b. isolationism toward Latin America, but involvement in Europe.

c. protecting American business interests all over the world.

d. aiding democratic revolutions in Asia.

38. In the 2000 presidential election, the media perceived Ralph Nader and Patrick Buchanan as nonviable candidates. This perception influenced which of these policy stages?

a. Feedback

b. Saliency

c. Agenda-setting


39. An interest group can attempt to change policies by trying to influence all of the following except

a. lower-court rulings.

b. federal bureaucratic regulations.

c. objective scientific findings.

d. local laws.

40. All of the following are ways in which public policies regulate listening to music except

a. rules at a private university against downloading music using campus Internet connections.

b. laws forbidding drivers from wearing headphones while operating motor vehicles.

c. Federal Communications Commission regulations for CD players.

d. city ordinances restricting noise levels in residential areas.

41. The government’s role in a classic capitalist model is to

a. decide who produces and who receives goods and services.

b. determine wages and salary levels.

c. take no action with respect to economy.

d. regulate imports but not exports.

42. The monetarist model of monetary policy attempts to achieve economic goals by

a. allowing the economy to grow at its natural rate.

b. altering the money supply.

c. decreasing interest rates.

d. using defense spending to increase the budget.

43. Under the Keynes model, which of the following would be the most logical course of action during an inflationary period?

a. Decreasing taxes

b. Increasing the federal budget

c. Decreasing spending

d. Creating new jobs

44. What type of tax is the largest source of revenue for the federal government?

a. Excise

b. Social Security

c. Personal income

d. Corporate income

45. State governments obtain most of their revenue from

a. intergovernmental transfers.

b. lotteries.

c. taxes.

d. insurance trusts.

46. To the nearest trillion, the foreign assets held by U.S. citizens are worth approximately

a. $5 trillion.

b. $6 trillion.

c. $7 trillion.

d. $8 trillion.

47. Lenin and the Bolsheviks overthrew the Kerensky government in

a. 1888.

b. 1917.

c. 1925.

d. 1933.

48. An economy in which all decisions regarding production and prices are made by central government planners is known as a ____________________ economy.

a. command

b. mercantilist

c. market

d. inflationary

49. Which of the following international agreements has the United States NOT ratified?

a. Montreal Protocol

b. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species

c. Basel Convention

d. Migratory Bird Treaty

50. What was the trigger for the credit crisis?

a. a falling stock market

b. declining home values

c. a crisis in bank confidence

d. illegal behavior of bank

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