A cough is a common symptom of many conditions. One condition where we see a cough is with bronchitis. This illness results from inflammation of the bronchial tubes and the cough commonly expels mucus (MedlinePlus, 2017). This mucus is usually think and may have a discoloration (Mayoclinic, 2018). Other symptoms associated with bronchitis include shortness of breath, wheezing, a low-grade fever, and tightness of the chest (MedlinePlus, 2017). This condition could be chronic or acute.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Determining what type of bronchitis is necessary. Acute bronchitis may present more like a cold while chronic bronchitis has a cough that brings up mucus and lasts for three months or longer. Getting proper patient history is helpful in diagnosis which type of bronchitis the patient has. Acute bronchitis is related to a viral infection and medication is not effective. This type may also occur as a result from a previously acquired cold or another type of respiratory infection.
Chronic bronchitis is related to cigarette smoke and other environmental factors. This type is also considered if the patient has multiple episodes of acute bronchitis. Chronic bronchitis is more serious than acute since it is related to a constant irritation and inflammation of the bronchial tubes. Other diagnostic tests that may be used include exam, x-ray, sputum tests, and a lung function test (Mayoclinic, 2018).Treatment for bronchitis may include medication related to coughing or other medication if another underlying condition like asthma or allergies exist. Using lifestyle modifications is also beneficial. Avoiding irritants, using a humidifier, and using protection are all great options (Mayoclinic, 2018).
Mayoclinic. (2018). Bronchitis. Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bronchitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20355566
(Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.MedlinePlus. (2017). Acute bronchitis. Retrieved from https://medlineplus.gov/acutebronchitis.html (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.